India is one of the fastest growing economies. All states and Central Government give a lot of importance to education. As per Census 2011 literacy in India has risen from 19% in 1951 to 75% in 2011. The education system of India ensures gender equality, gives preference to neglected communities and talented students are duly appreciated. NCERT along with state boards have raised quality manpower to drive the economy forward. Thanks to the Education System the Indian Youth today is running all the major corporate houses in the world.
After creation of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in 1975, institution like Anganwadis played an effective role as ‘Poor Man Kindergarten’ and providing nutritious food to children and mothers.
In the last 70 years India has developed 23 IITs and 20 IIMs which have become the education hub for developing industry leaders in India and as well as abroad.
Government, private and NGO partnership contributed towards the growth of education in the nation. Initiatives like Mid-day meal helped dramatically reduce school dropouts. From 27 universities in 1951 India currently has 829 universities and counting.
India has become a hub of software due to the quality technical graduates coming out of our IITs, NITs, AIIMS, IISC and IIMs. A major industrial workforce in the country has been created thanks to the National Education Policy of 1986 to promote vocational education in secondary schools. This has attracted premier international manufacturing units to set up a production plant in India.
Unfortunately, even after much effort, women literacy rate rose only to 66% as against 52% in 2001 due to cultural and social ignorance towards the importance of women education. We need to focus more on educating them especially those in villages to attain full potential of our growth and stop women exploitation.
The world is moving towards an Industrial Revolution based on technology and although India has come a long way in the last 70 years, we have to prepare our children through improved research and development in education.